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From Death-Camp to Existentialism; a Psychiatrist's Path to a New Therapy PDF, ePub eBook


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Title: From Death-Camp to Existentialism; a Psychiatrist's Path to a New Therapy
Author: Viktor E. Frankl
Publisher: Published 1959 by Beacon Press (first published 1946)
ISBN: null
Status : FREE Rating :
4.6 out of 5

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Psychiatrist Viktor Frankl's memoir has riveted generations of readers with its descriptions of life in Nazi death camps and its lessons for spiritual survival. Between 1942 and 1945 Frankl labored in four different camps, including Auschwitz, while his parents, brother, and pregnant wife perished. Based on his own experience and the experiences of others he treated later Psychiatrist Viktor Frankl's memoir has riveted generations of readers with its descriptions of life in Nazi death camps and its lessons for spiritual survival. Between 1942 and 1945 Frankl labored in four different camps, including Auschwitz, while his parents, brother, and pregnant wife perished. Based on his own experience and the experiences of others he treated later in his practice, Frankl argues that we cannot avoid suffering but we can choose how to cope with it, find meaning in it, and move forward with renewed purpose. Frankl's theory-known as logotherapy, from the Greek word logos ("meaning")-holds that our primary drive in life is not pleasure, as Freud maintained, but the discovery and pursuit of what we personally find meaningful. At the time of Frankl's death in 1997, Man's Search for Meaning had sold more than 10 million copies in twenty-four languages. A 1991 reader survey for the Library of Congress that asked readers to name a "book that made a difference in your life" found Man's Search for Meaning among the ten most influential books in America.

30 review for From Death-Camp to Existentialism; a Psychiatrist's Path to a New Therapy

  1. 5 out of 5

    Frank

    After I read this book, which I finished many, many years ago, I had become self-critical of any future endeavours which would take up a lot of my time. I would ask myself "is this or will this be meaningful to me?", and if the answer was "no", I wouldn't do it. It was this book that influenced me to consciously live as meaningful a life as possible, to place a great value on the journey and not just the destination, while knowing that "meaningful" doesn't always mean "enjoyable". "Meaningful" s After I read this book, which I finished many, many years ago, I had become self-critical of any future endeavours which would take up a lot of my time. I would ask myself "is this or will this be meaningful to me?", and if the answer was "no", I wouldn't do it. It was this book that influenced me to consciously live as meaningful a life as possible, to place a great value on the journey and not just the destination, while knowing that "meaningful" doesn't always mean "enjoyable". "Meaningful" should be equated with "fulfilling". So I studied Physics instead of Engineering. I went to York U instead of U of T. I went to Europe instead of immediately entering the workforce after graduation. I want to recommend this book to all of my grade 12 students.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Laurel

    I read this book for the first time during my senior year in high school. The year prior, I had gone to Germany for spring break with some fellow classmates. During the trip, we spent a day visiting a former WWII concentration camp in Dachau. As one might expect, this visit had a profound effect on me. I had of course read and knew about the atrocities that occurred under the Nazi regime, but to actually see the gas chambers in person is a deeply haunting and disturbing experience. Perhaps for t I read this book for the first time during my senior year in high school. The year prior, I had gone to Germany for spring break with some fellow classmates. During the trip, we spent a day visiting a former WWII concentration camp in Dachau. As one might expect, this visit had a profound effect on me. I had of course read and knew about the atrocities that occurred under the Nazi regime, but to actually see the gas chambers in person is a deeply haunting and disturbing experience. Perhaps for this reason, Frankl's book affected me even more deeply than it otherwise might have. The book is divided into two parts. The first section recounts in vivid detail Frankl's horrifying experiences as a prisoner in a Nazi concentration camp. Frankl, a former psychiatrist, also describes his observations of other prisoners and what he felt to be the main way in which people tried to cope with the insurmountable obstacles they faced. He found that those who could find meaning or purpose in their suffering were the ones who also seemed better able to find the strength to go on. As I recall, Frankl personally found his purpose in the hope of someday being able to see his wife again - a hope that was strong enough to get him through the daily horrors he faced. The second half of this book is devoted to the therapy he developed based on the search for meaning, which he calls logotherapy. The basic premise is that those who can find meaning in their suffering are better able to cope with what would otherwise be a struggle too hard to bear. As one who majored in psychology, I found this section as fascinating as the first. I have read this book at least three times now, and it is one of the few books I can say truly changed my life. I am ever grateful that I have the wisdom of this book to fall back upon when needed. Several years ago, at a very young age (in my 20s), I became ill with a disease that left me bedridden and barely able to speak above a whisper. Now 36, I am still bedridden and fighting the same battle. It is Frankl's reminder to find meaning and purpose in suffering (which I found in the love of my fiancé and my hope of recovery) that has helped me to get through each difficult day. As Frankl tells us, "Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms - to choose one's attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one's own way." I highly recommend this book!!

  3. 4 out of 5

    Petra X

    How is it possible to write dispassionately of life in a concentration camp in such a way as to engender great feeling in the reader? This is how Frankl dealt with his experience of those terrible years. The dispassionate writing makes the horrors of the camp extremely distressing, more so than writing that is more emotionally involved. It is almost reportage. The first half of the book is equal in its telling to The Diary of a Young Girl in furthering our understanding of those dreadful times. T How is it possible to write dispassionately of life in a concentration camp in such a way as to engender great feeling in the reader? This is how Frankl dealt with his experience of those terrible years. The dispassionate writing makes the horrors of the camp extremely distressing, more so than writing that is more emotionally involved. It is almost reportage. The first half of the book is equal in its telling to The Diary of a Young Girl in furthering our understanding of those dreadful times. There are occasional glimmers of humanity from the Germans. These are so small that rather than illuminate any basic goodness, they cast further into the shadows the terror of living in a place and time where death might be a beating or a shot to the head at any moment. There are also stories of the depths that some of the Jewish victims would sink to in what they would do to stay alive themselves. It made me think that rather than condemn these people for becoming tools of the Nazis, what would I do faced with death or the chance to stay alive a little longer and maybe save family or friends. 7 stars, golden stars for this half of the book. The second half is about Frankl's psychotherapeutic methods and lost me in boredom. I did read this in its entirety but it wouldn't have spoiled the book, or my appreciation of the genius retelling and brilliant writing of the first half, if I hadn't.

  4. 5 out of 5

    Mohammed Ali

    بسم الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ - اعترافات لا بدّ منها : 1- المراجعة طويلة نوعا ما .. و لا أدري لماذا صراحة ؟ و ما معنى أن تكون المراجعة طويلة ؟ 2- مستواي في علم النفس ضعيف جدا، لذلك تهت بين المصطلحات والمفاهيم النفسية وحاولت قدر الإمكان استيعابها وفهمها . 3- الشكر موصول للأخت هناء، فمراجعتها كانت السبب في اختيار هذا الكتاب . 4- لا أدري !! عن الكاتب : 1- ولد الدكتور فكتور فرانكل في 26-03-1905 في فيينا، و توفي في 02-09-1997 . 2- طبيب أعصاب و طبيب نفسي . 3- من الذين عايشوا الحياة في المعتقلات النا بسم الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ - اعترافات لا بدّ منها : 1- المراجعة طويلة نوعا ما .. و لا أدري لماذا صراحة ؟ و ما معنى أن تكون المراجعة طويلة ؟ 2- مستواي في علم النفس ضعيف جدا، لذلك تهت بين المصطلحات والمفاهيم النفسية وحاولت قدر الإمكان استيعابها وفهمها . 3- الشكر موصول للأخت هناء، فمراجعتها كانت السبب في اختيار هذا الكتاب . 4- لا أدري !! عن الكاتب : 1- ولد الدكتور فكتور فرانكل في 26-03-1905 في فيينا، و توفي في 02-09-1997 . 2- طبيب أعصاب و طبيب نفسي . 3- من الذين عايشوا الحياة في المعتقلات النازية و عاشوا فيها . و أحد الناجبين من المحرقة النازية . 4- مؤسس و رائد العلاج بالمعنى، أو ما سمي بالمدرسة الفيينية الثالثة ( بعد مدرسة فرويد و مدرسة آدلر ) في التحليل النفسي . hébergement gratuit certificity.com عن الكتاب : الكتاب بعنوان " الإنسان يبحث عن المعنى " مقدمة في العلاج بالمعنى و التسامي بالنفس وقسّمه الكاتب إلى ثلاث أجزاء : 1- الجزء الأول : خبرات في معسكر الإعتقال 2- الجزء الثاني : المبادئ الأساسية للعلاج بالمعنى 3- الجزء الثالث : التسامي بالذات photo libre certificity.com عني أنا : 1- الجزء الأول من الكتاب كان لذيذا جدا، مؤلما جدا و أدبي نفسي جدا .. لذلك كانت قراءته سهلة و مفهومة . 2- الجزء الثاني من الكتاب جاء مهضوما نوعا ما رغم أنّ الكاتب حاول التبسيط مع ذكر الأمثلة التي تشرح نظريته . 3- الجزء الثالث جاء معقدا ( بالنسبة لي ) و لكن هذا لم يمنعني من الإستمتاع به . عن المراجعة : * * اقتباس 1 : من مسرحية كاليغولا " .. كلا، ما هذه سوى من مهامه العابرة. أمّا عظمته فتخدم جزعا أكبر و هلاكا أشد.إنّه يهددنا في أعز ما نملك. أجل، لم يكن لدينا هو الأول، من تحلى بسلطة مطلقة، إلاّ أنّه أول من استخدمها بلا حدود، إلى درجة الإنكار التّام للإنسان و العالم. و هذا الذي يرعبني فيه، و هذا ما سأناضل ضدّه. الموت ليس مخيفا. و رجولتي تكفي لذلك، عندما تقترب الضرورة، لكنّك لا تحتمل أن تشاهد كيف تفقد الحياة معناها و يفقد الوجود أساسه. لا يجوز العيش دون هدف حياتي . " * * كيف كانت الحياة اليومية في معسكر الإعتقال تنعكس في عقل السجين ؟ - بعد قراءتي ل " يوم في حياة إيفان دنيسوفيتش " تكوّنت لدي فكرة لا بأس بها عن جحيم المعتقلات و خاصة أنّ الأمر واحد فالنازية و الشيوعية ابتكروا أشدّ الطرق لتعذيب الإنسان و تحويله إلى حيوان، حيث تتحول حياة المسجون إلى صراع و نضال قاسي من أجل ذات الإنسان و من أجل الخبز . hébergement gratuit certificity.com كيف تصبح رقما ؟ - الرقم هو المهم .. الرقم هو رقم .. الإنسان يتحوّل إلى رقم، و عند التّحول عليك أن تنسى كل شيء، أن تترك كل شيء، أن تصبح لا شيء، و أن تصارع من أجل شيء واحد و هو البقاء حيا . عندما يتم طبع الرقم عليك فعليك أن تعرف أنك ستعامل على أساس هذا الرقم .. أي المعاملة الإنسانية ستزول من الآن فصاعدا . ما هي أطوار ردود الفعل النفسية بالنسبة للسجين ؟ - يمكن تلخيصها في ثلاثة أطوار و هي : ردود الفترة التي تعقب إدخاله المعسكر مباشرة، و ردود في الفترة التي يكون فيها قد اندمج تماما ثم ردود أفعال السجين بعد الإفراج عنه . * * اقتباس 02 : بدر شاكر السياب " إذا فقد الإنسان معنى أن يكون ........ فكيف يمكن أن يكون؟؟" * * ما هو أبرز رد فعل يظهر على السجين في الفترة التي تعقب إدخاله ؟ - الصدمة . الإنتقال من حال إلى حال، هل تعرف حركة الأصبع ؟ لا !! هل يمكن أن تشرحها لي من فضلك ؟ - عند دخول المعتقل .. تقف في طابور أمام أحد الضباط، و هو إنسان طبعا ثم نتقدم إليه واحدا بعد الآخر، و هو لا يفعل شيئا سوى الإشارة بإصبعه إلى الشخص المتقدّم إليه، يمين أو شمال، شمال أو يمين .. فقط حركة أصبع ضجرة .. يمين أو شمال . ما مغزى هذه الحركة ؟ - الحمام .. الوجود أو عدم الوجود . كيف ؟؟ - عملية انتقاء .. المرسلون إلى اليسار هم أشخاص رأى الضابط أنّهم لا يصلحون للعمل، لذلك يرسلهم إلى الحمام ليتم تحويله إلى دخان، و الدخان نتيجة للحرق طبعا، و الحمام ما هو إلا اسم أطلق كناية و نكاية على المحرقات . * * اقتباس 03 : من الكتاب بتصرف . " - أين أرسل صديقي ؟؟ - هل أرسل إلى الجانب الأيسر ؟؟ - نعم . - إذن تستطيع أن تراه هناك - هناك...أين ؟ - ( مشيرا إلى مدخنة على بعد مسافة قريبة ) ذلك هو مكان صديقك، فهو يسبح صاعدا إلى السماء " * * و بعد الصدمة ؟؟ - بعد الصدمة تظهر على السجين أثار متفاوتة، طبعا أثار نفسية منها حب الإستطلاع و الدهشة، ظهور نمط غريب من المرح يتجلى في إحساس مروع بالفكاهة و المرح و السخرية العبثية هل يمكن أن تعطينا مثالا عن الشعور بالدهشة ؟ - مثلا السؤال الذّي طرحه معظم السجناء بنبرة تنم عن دهشة غريبة " لماذا لم نصب بالبرد في كل هذه الظروف ؟ !! " و الظروف هنا هي البقاء عاريي الأجساد و سط البرد الشديد ثم الإستحمام بالماء البارد و النّوم على الألواح الخشبية . * * اقتباس 04 :من أقوال لنسج " توجد أشياء تؤدي بك إلى أن تفقد عقلك، و إلا فإنّه لا يوجد لديك ما تفقده " * * كيف ينتقل الإنسان من الطور الأول لردود الفعل العقلية إلى الطور الثاني ؟ - الطور الثاني هو البلادة التّي تصل به إلى نوع من الموت الإنفعالي و سبب ذلك أن السجين يعيش ألوانا من االإنفعالات المؤلمة، الشوق العارم، الإشمئزاز و التقزز من حياة المعتقل و المحيط حوله، الشعور بالوهن و نوع من الكآبة و هذه العوامل تجتمع و تولد البلادة . ماذا تقصد بالبلادة ؟ - إن المناظر التي كانت تثير السجين و تحرك عواطفه و مشاعره و تجر أحاسيسه أصبحت لا تثير فيه شيئا، مثلا منظر السجناء الجدد، منظر المحرقة، منظر طفل يعذب، منظر الجثث، منظر المرضى، منظر الآخر الرث البالي، منظر المعتقل، منظر الموت، منظر الحياة، منظر البتر، منظر الدماء، منظر النازي المتغطرس، كل شيء أصبح سواء عنده .البلادة كميكانيزم دفاعي عن الذات. لدي سؤال غريب نوعا ما .. هل يحلم السجناء ؟ و ماهي أحلامهم ؟ - نعم يحلمون، و مواضيع أحلامهم هي الكعك، السجائر، الحمامات الساخنة، حذاء جديد، سلك يستطيع أن يربط به حذاءه، حساء يكون فيه بضعة حبات من البازلاء، و غيرها من الأحلام الناتجة عن الرغبة في إشباع الرغبات البسيطة، و الأمر الأكثر إثارة إلى أن السجناء أحبوا الكوابيس التي تأتيهم ليلا أثناء نومهم .. لأنها ببساطة أحسن من واقع السجن المرير . الحب و السجين ؟؟ - خلاص الإنسان هو من خلال الحب و في الحب، إن الإنسان الذي لم يتبق له شيء في هذه الدنيا، لا يزال يعرف السعادة، من خلال التفكير في المحبوب و التأمل فيه. الحب يذهب إلى ما هو أبعد من غايته من الشخص البدني للمحبوب، هذا الحب يجد معناه الأعمق في الوجود الروحي لهذا الشخص المحبوب، أي في ذاته الداخلية. الحب هو هروب مؤقت من لحظات الجحيم . كم يمكن أن تكون الدنيا جميلة . * * اقتباس 05 : دوستويفسكي " يوجد شيء واحد فقط يروعني : ألا أكون جديرا بآلامي " * * ماذا عن الطور الأخير .. إنسان ما بعد السجن ؟ - فقدان القدرة على الإحساس بالسرور، الناتجة عن الدهشة .. لا أوامر ! لا ركل ! لا صفعات ! الحرية كمصطلح فقد المعنى جراء اجتراره لسنوات طوال، الحلم الذي لم نستطع ادراك معناه لحظة الخروج . عندما يتحول الحلم إلى حقيقة . ما هي أبرز الملاحظات النفسية التي ميزت الخارجين من المعتقل ؟ - الإختلال الشخصي النفسي، الناتج عن تأثيرات القسوة التي أحاطت بهم في حياة المعتقل، أرادوا تطبيق حريتهم عبر القمع بلا قيود و بلا هوادة . بالإضافة إلى طابعين أساسين و هما القسوة و التحرر من الوهم . كيف يستطيع الإنسان معاملة إنسان آخر بهذه الوحشة التي لا تمت لبني آدم بأي صلة ؟ - البلادة و السادية و النزوع إلى الشر و التأله كلها عوامل زرعت الوحشية في نفوس هؤلاء السجانين . - - - - عن المعنى ؟ - دعوت الله في سجني الضيق فأجابني في رحابة الكون. hebergeur d image certificity.com * * اقتباس 06 : محمود درويش " على هذه الأرض ما يستحق الحياة " * * .. أما الخبرة التي تتوج كل هذه الخبرات، بالنسبة إلى الشخص العائد إلى منزله، فهي ذلك الشعور العجيببأنه، بعد كل ما لقيه من معاناة، لا يوجد ثمة شيء يستوجب الخوف بعد الآن ، عدا الخوف من الله سبحانه و تعالى . . . . . . - الإنسان مخلوق مسؤول و ينبغي أن يحقق المعنى الكامن لحياته . * * اقتباس 07: مقطع من سلسلة ( فارغو ) الأمريكية - Peggy. - have you actualized fully ? - What ?! -Have you actualized fully ? - I don't know ! . I mean, I'm trying. - Do you feel cold sometimes, even when it's hot ? - Sometimes. - Do you understand the difference between thinking and being ? - What do you mean ? - Do you understand the difference between thinking and being ? - I... - To be is simply to exist . Try it .. try simply bieng . - I'm soory ! .. but how is sitting here gonna help me be the best person I can be ?! - Ah ! .. you want an explanation . - Well, Kinda . - The humain mind, aroused by an insistence for meaning, seeks and finds nothing but contradiction and nonsense. Think or be . image gratuite certificity.com * * ما العلاج بالمعنى؟ "ويل لمن لا يرى في الحياة معنى" يرتكز العلاج بالمعنى على مساعدة المريض على إيجاد معنى لوجوده في الحياة والاضطلاع بمسؤوليته البشرية كي يجد حلولا لمشكلاته. توصل فرانكل إلى هذا العلاج حين وجد أن المساجين الذين يعانون من (عصاب اللامعنى) وهو الإحساس بعبثية الوجود كانوا يقدمون على الانتحار دون تردد بينما الذين آمنوا بأن للحياة غاية كانوا الأقدر على مواجهة الصعاب فالعلاج بالمعنى - على حد وصفه - يمنح للإنسان سببا للأمل ولمواصلة الحياة. استخدم فرانكل هذا العلاج في السجن ونجح من خلاله في إنقاذ حياة الكثير من المعتقلين من الانتحار ويقف المعتقد الديني أول الحوافز المساعدة على تجنب الآلام وأفضل وسادة للمتعبين. احتوى الكتاب على مشاهد وأحداث كثيرة تنبض بالآلام والعذابات البشرية ويعد من جهة ثانية رافد مهما قدّم لعلم النفس تصورات ورؤى جديدة عن سيكولوجية السجين وعلاقة الإنسان بالألم والوجود، وإذا ما أردنا وصف الكتاب في جملة سنقول: "إنه رسالة نداء وحب لمصافحة الألم الذي لم يعد أمرا سيئا كما نظن!!". * * اقتباس 08 : من أقوال نيتشه "من يمتلك سببا ليعيش من أجله فإنه يستطيع غالبا أن يتحمل بأية طريقة وبأي حال" * * heberger une image certificity.com ما معنى التسامي بالذات ؟؟ 1- ان تحقيق الذات ليس هو الغاية القصوى عند الإنسان ولا حتى مقصده الأولى، ذلك أنّ تحقيق الذات إذا صار غاية في حد ذاته فإنه يتعارض مع خاصية تجاوز الذات أو التسامي بالذات. 2- كذلك فإن تحقيق الذات ماهو إلا نتيجة أو أثر لتحقيق المعنى، ذلك أن الإنسان لا يحقق ذاته إلا بمقدار تحقيقه لمعنى في هذا العالم. 3- إنّ التسامي بالذات هو جوهر الوجود. ملاحظة مهمة : أي معنى للتسامي وتجاوز الألم والتفوق على الذات وتحقيق قيمة الوجود الإنساني أعظم من الشعور بأنّك تقترب من الله بالتحقق بالأسماء والصفات التي أخبر بها عن نفسه وأثنى على عباده المتخلّقين بها؟ - - - - - - في النهاية مقولة دوستويفسكي التي عنون بها الدكتور فرانكل حالته في المعتقل و حالة الإنسان عموما " الإنسان كائن قادر على أن يتعوّد كل شيء، ولعلّ هذا خير تعريف يمكن أن يعرَّف به الإنسان ". ذكريات من منزل الأموات دوستويفسكي image gratuite à télécharger certificity.com شكرا. Merci . Thank you . :D

  5. 5 out of 5

    Bushra Omar

    " الإنسان يبحث عن المعنى " – مقدمة في العلاج بالمعنى.. التسامي بالنفس في كل مرة تفتح كتابًا، توقع أن يحصل لك شيئًا عظيمًا! كأن تولد من جديد .. و هذا ما حدث معي بالفعل، و تعتبر هذه ولادتي الثالثة في الحياة، فالانسان يسمو في كل مرة و يرتفع خطوة جديدة وتتبدل قناعته الأولى، فإذا ما كنت وصلت مسبقًا إلى معنى البحث عن النفس و تحقيق الذات، فإنني بعد كتاب "فرانكل" أخرج من سجن فكرة إلى فكرة أعمق!! ، من سجن الهدف و التوتر و السعي للاتزان إلى المعنى " لا يمكن التوصل إلى تحقيق الذات إذا جعله الشخص كفايه في حد " الإنسان يبحث عن المعنى " – مقدمة في العلاج بالمعنى.. التسامي بالنفس في كل مرة تفتح كتابًا، توقع أن يحصل لك شيئًا عظيمًا! كأن تولد من جديد .. و هذا ما حدث معي بالفعل، و تعتبر هذه ولادتي الثالثة في الحياة، فالانسان يسمو في كل مرة و يرتفع خطوة جديدة وتتبدل قناعته الأولى، فإذا ما كنت وصلت مسبقًا إلى معنى البحث عن النفس و تحقيق الذات، فإنني بعد كتاب "فرانكل" أخرج من سجن فكرة إلى فكرة أعمق!! ، من سجن الهدف و التوتر و السعي للاتزان إلى المعنى " لا يمكن التوصل إلى تحقيق الذات إذا جعله الشخص كفايه في حد ذاته، و لكن يكون هذا ممكنا إذا نظر إليه كأثر جانبي للتسامي بالذات" اتفق معه كثيرًا ، فإذا ما تحول إحقاق الذات لهدف، و بغية الوصول إليه بأي طريق، قد تؤدي إلى الضياع و عدم الشعور به حتى لو حدث و وصل إليه، يشبه ذلك من يريد السعادة كهدف، ثم يجد نفسه يأخّر حصولها في كل مرة بسبب إضافته لمعايير جديدة لسعادته!! الكتاب مقسم لثلاث أجزاء كالتالي: القسم الأول : خبرات في معسكر القتال : و فيه يطرح فرانكل خبرته و ما عاشه هو ورفاقه داخل السجن، الحقيقة أن كل ما قرأته مؤلمًا، و يجرد الحياة الانسانية من الانسان نفسه! ، أنا التي آمنت دائمًا بعظمة هذا الانسان و أن الانسانية لا يمكن أن تسلب منه تحت كل الظروف الضاغطة عليه .. يأتي هنا فرانكل ليحلل تحليلاً دقيقًا و مدهشًا لثلاث أطوار يمر بها السجين و هي كالتالي : * الصدمة الطور الأول لردود الأفعال النفسية و ذكر بعدها أمر أثار دهشتي ألا وهو " رد الفعل غير السوي إزاء موقف غير سوي هو استجابة سوية "!! * البلادة و الموت الانفعالي هما الطور الثاني لردود الأفعال النفسية يذكر هنا أن الانسان يلجأ للبلادة كوسيلة للدفاع عن الذات وتخليصها من الألم النفسي، كما تفعل روح المرح أيضا * الطور الثالث/ تحدث فيه عن سيكولوجية السجين بعد الافراج عنه ( فقدان القدرة على الاحساس بالسرور- اختلال الشخصية .. الخ ) صادفتني في هذا القسم : فقرة شيقة عنوانها " خلاص الانسان هو من خلال الحب و في الحب " يقول الحقيقة أن الحب هو الهدف الغائي و الأسمى الذي يمكن أن يطمع إليه الانسان! في الحرية و الاختيار يقول فرانكل " كل شيء يمكن أن يؤخذ من الانسان عدا شيئًا واحدًا و هذا الشيء الواحد هو آخر شيء من الحريات الانسانية – و هو أن يختار المرء اتجاهه في ظروف معينة، أي يختار المرء طريقه " تحدث أيضاً عن المعاناة و أنها شيء نسي! " إن المعاناة تغمر الروح الانسامية كلها و العقل الواعي بأكمله، بصرف النظر عما إذا كانت المعاناة كبيرة أم صغيرة _ مسألة نسبية" في نهاية هذا الجزء المؤلم والشيق! و بطريقة فرانكل في ذكر القصة و التحليل معًا، نشأت لدي شخصية معهم! و أدركت الكثير مما سلطته عليّ لأعيش سجنًا معنويًا، ولحسن الحظ أن حديث فرانكل كان ينسجم مع الحياة كليًا، ولم يقتصر على سجناء المعسكر! في نهايته كتب جملة هزتني وتوقفت عندها كثيرًا " لقد دعوت الله من سجني الضيق، فأجابني في رحابة الكون " هل لي أن أقول أن الله أرسل لي هذه الكتاب لأغرق في رحابته! و أتوسّع من داخلي؟ القسم الثاني: المبادئ الأساسية للعلاج بالمعنى: هنا يكرر الحديث مرة أخرى لكن بطريقة مدهشة و تأكيديه مفصلة و علمية أكثر سأكتب ملخصًا بسيطًا يوضح ما ذكره، لأن مثل هذا الكتاب يُغرق فيه و لايسهل الحديث عنه! * إرادة المعنى : إن سعي الانسان إلى البحث عن معنى هو قوة أولية في حياته * الاحباط الوجودي: يذكر أنه يتولد من الصراعات بين القيم المختلفة- المعنوية الأخلاقية احتفظت باقتباسات تنفي قضية الاتزان التي كنت أؤمن بها! و توضح أن فترات التوتر التي أمر بها طبيعة! - ليس كل صراع بالضرورة عصابيًا فمقدار من الصراع سوي و صحي، و كذلك ليس كل معاناة حالة مرضية و هي بالتالي ليست عرضًا من أعراض العصاب، لذا فإن المعاناة قد تكون أنجازًا انسانيًا طيباً، خاصة إذا كانت تنشأ من الاحباط الوجودي. _ ليس مايحتاجه الانسان هو حالة اللاتوتر و لكنه يحتاج إلى السعي والاجتهاد في سبيل هدف يستحق أن يعيش من أجله. * الفراغ الوجودي: يقول أنه يتمثل في حالة الملل! و منه يبدأ الانسان تعويض إرادة المعنى المحبطة بـ إرادة القوة/ اللذة كما يوضح لنا طرق تمكننا من كشف المعنى في الحياة، و هي ثلاثة 1- الاتيان بفعل و عمل ( الانجاز/ التحقيق) 2- أن نخبر قيمة من القيم ( ويتحدث فيها عن معنى الحب ) 3- أن تعيش حالة المعاناة ( معنى المعاناة) يذكر ما قاله دوستويفكسي : يوجد شيئ واحد فقط يروعني و هو " ألا أكون جديرًا بآلامي " فإذا كان الانسان يملك معنى لحياته فمؤكد أنه سيجد معنى للمعناته وآلاآمه! " إن المعاناة تتوقف من أن تكون معاناة بشكل ما، في اللحظة التي تكتسب فيها معنى" القسم الثالث: التسامي بالذات و كانه مراجعة لكل السابق بمحاولة سمو الانسان بذاته و تجاوزها. و أخيرًا هناك نقطة قيمة لصالح العلاج بالمعنى وهي [إ ن العلاج بالمعنى يرى في " الالتزام بالمسؤلية" الجوهر الحقيقي للوجود الانسان] و هذه تعني أنه سيلفت نظرك لما يجب أن تفكر فيه، لكنه ابدًا لن يفرض عليك قرارته، فالأمر كله ينبع من داخلك، من أعماقك

  6. 4 out of 5

    Pouting Always

    The original part one was the strongest I think because the rest started to go into the typical psychobabble inherent to books trying to contribute to the academic side of psychology or psychiatry but the first part really grounded the idea of giving meaning to one existence into personal experience and I found it very poignant about the mental state of people in very stressful and hopeless situations. It's a very empowering and important idea that no matter the situation a person can control th The original part one was the strongest I think because the rest started to go into the typical psychobabble inherent to books trying to contribute to the academic side of psychology or psychiatry but the first part really grounded the idea of giving meaning to one existence into personal experience and I found it very poignant about the mental state of people in very stressful and hopeless situations. It's a very empowering and important idea that no matter the situation a person can control their behavior and influence their own feelings of the situation. This idea of a person having so much control over their own selves and survival is one I whole heartedly agree with. Anyone having trouble figuring out life or what the point is could benefit from reading this I think.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Riku Sayuj

    For most of the book, I felt as dumbfounded as I would have been if I were browsing through a psychiatric journal. Filled with references and technical terms and statistics, it was mostly a book-long affirmation of the then innovative technique called 'logo-therapy'. I do not understand how this book is still relevant and found in most popular book stores. It might have been that the book was popular in the sixties and seventies as it offered a powerful and logical argument against the reduction For most of the book, I felt as dumbfounded as I would have been if I were browsing through a psychiatric journal. Filled with references and technical terms and statistics, it was mostly a book-long affirmation of the then innovative technique called 'logo-therapy'. I do not understand how this book is still relevant and found in most popular book stores. It might have been that the book was popular in the sixties and seventies as it offered a powerful and logical argument against the reductionist approach that leads inevitably to existential nihilism, but is that still relevant today? It also attempts to free psychiatry from the belief that 'eros' was the cause of all neurosis and turns the flashlight on repressed 'logos' - which forms the premise of the book and the title. But, while the basic premises are powerful and moving, the breadth and scale of repetition of the same ideas and the technical jargon and the constant Freud-bashing ensured that I did not enjoy the book as much as I had hoped. Furthermore, the whole chapter dedicated to the theory that ultimately our basic necessity of 'search for logos' can also be explained as a 'repressed religious drive' and his exhortation to religious people to not look down on irreligious ones (read atheists and agnostics) just because they have achieved a stage that the atheists/agnostics are still aspiring (unconsciously of course) towards rang patently false and too much in line with his argument of psychiatry being a sister to theology. I wish Frankl had stuck to his original title of 'The Unconscious God' - it would have been more representative of the book as his 'logos' argument directly derives from his postulation of a transcendent unconscious super-ego that trumps Freud's 'Super Ego' and a spiritual cum instinctual subconscious that trumps Freud's 'id'. Unless you are looking for a historical perspective on the technical aspects of psychiatry and about the origins of 'logo-therapy', I would not recommend this book, especially for general reading. If you pick up this book, like I did, in the hope that it is about Frankl's personal quest for meaning amidst the horrors of Auschwitz with a strong scientific perspective, you will be disappointed to find that you have picked up a medical journal that is pedantic and repetitive, with hardly any reference to Frankl's personal journey or about how he evolved his theory and practices (that did transform many lives) based on his experiences.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Tadiana ✩Night Owl☽

    This is a short but extremely intense book, first published in 1946. It begins with the author's experiences in four (!!) different German concentration camps in WWII, including Auschwitz, and how he coped with those experiences -- and saw others cope with them, or not. He continues in the second half of this book with a discussion of his approach to psychiatry, called logotherapy, based on the belief that each person needs to find something in his or her life, something particular and personal This is a short but extremely intense book, first published in 1946. It begins with the author's experiences in four (!!) different German concentration camps in WWII, including Auschwitz, and how he coped with those experiences -- and saw others cope with them, or not. He continues in the second half of this book with a discussion of his approach to psychiatry, called logotherapy, based on the belief that each person needs to find something in his or her life, something particular and personal to them, to give their life meaning. We need to look outside ourselves. There is nothing in the world, I venture to say, that would so effectively help one to survive even the worst conditions as the knowledge that there is meaning in one's life. There is much wisdom in the words of Nietzsche: "He who has a why to live for can bear almost any how."The first half of the book is completely absorbing, fascinating reading. When I tried to read the second, more academic part of it years ago, I floundered (I don't think I ever got through to the end). But I stuck with it this time and found it truly rewarding. The second part did sometimes challenge my brain cells with concepts like this:I never tire of saying that the only really transitory aspects of life are the potentialities; but as soon as they are actualized, they are rendered realities at that very moment; they are saved and delivered into the past, wherein they are rescued and preserved from transitoriness. For, in the past, nothing is irretrievably lost but everything is irrevocably stored.I had to read that one two or three times before I felt like I really grasped what Frankl was saying. And this one:Live as if you were living already for the second time and as if you had acted the first time as wrongly as you are about to act now!I assume it's to help give us motivation to avoid making a wrong choice, by thinking through the likely consequences of what we are about to do. But there are so many nuggets of wisdom in this short volume. A few things that really impacted me:We had to learn ourselves and, furthermore, we had to teach the despairing men, that it did not matter what we expected from life, but rather what life expected from us. One should not search for an abstract meaning of life. Everyone has his own specific vocation or mission in life to carry out a concrete assignment which demands fulfillment. Therein he cannot be replaced, nor can his life be repeated. It is one of the basic tenets of logotherapy that man's main concern is not to gain pleasure or to avoid pain but rather to see a meaning in his life. ... In accepting this challenge to suffer bravely, life has a meaning up to the last moment, and it retains this meaning literally to the end. Man does not simply exist but always decides what his existence will be, what he will become in the next moment. By the same token, every human being has the freedom to change at any instant.Inspiring words; inspiring life. Bonus material: Here is an interview with Viktor Frankl when he was 90 years old. He died just a couple of years later. #16 of 24 in my 2016 Classics Bingo Challenge. 2/3 done!

  9. 5 out of 5

    Emily

    After the Book of Mormon, this would be my second recommendation to anyone looking for purpose in life. Here's a poignant excerpt from one of my favorite parts of the book when Frankl has been in Auschwitz and other camps for several years and doesn't know the war is only weeks away from ending. He had decided to escape his camp near Dachau with a friend and was visiting some of his patients for the last time. "I came to my only countryman, who was almost dying, and whose life it had been my ambi After the Book of Mormon, this would be my second recommendation to anyone looking for purpose in life. Here's a poignant excerpt from one of my favorite parts of the book when Frankl has been in Auschwitz and other camps for several years and doesn't know the war is only weeks away from ending. He had decided to escape his camp near Dachau with a friend and was visiting some of his patients for the last time. "I came to my only countryman, who was almost dying, and whose life it had been my ambition to save in spite of myself, but my comrade seemed to guess that something was wrong (perhaps I showed a little nervousness). In a tired voice he asked me, 'You too, are getting out?' I denied it, but I found it difficult to avoid his sad look. After my round I returned to him. Again a hopeless look greeted me and somehow I felt it to be an accusation. The unpleasant feeling that had gripped me as soon as I had told my friend I would escape with him became more intense. Suddenly I decided to take fate into my own hands for once. I ran out of the hut and told my friend that I could not go with him. As soon as I had told him with finality that I had made up my mind to stay with my patients, the unhappy feeling left me. I did not know what the following days would bring, but I had gained an inward peace that I had never experienced before. I returned to the hut, sat down on the boards at my countryman's feet and tried to comfort him..." I found such strength and wisdom in this book--strength and advice for me as a mother of five young children. While potty training, bending over to clean up a handful of toys for the the thousandth time that day, scraping Play Dough off of a filthy kitchen floor on hands and knees, and preparing the fifth snack of the day for several hungry mouths (directly after doing the dishes from the previous snack) I find the text of this book to give profound meaning to small and simple acts of selflessness, patience, and service. What a profound reminder that "The immediate influence of behavior is always more effective than that of words." I desperately needed to read this book, if only to remember to be calm and kind to my little ones so that they will pass on the favor to their own next generation. Bravo to Viktor Frankl for bringing human frailty and greatness into perspective. "Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms--to choose one's attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one's own way." -Frankl

  10. 4 out of 5

    Francisco

    This book stands out as one of the most helpful tools I've found in my life-long search for the way to live and be useful to others despite depression. As opposed to Freud, who believed that the primary drive in man, the most urgent motivation, was pleasure, Frankl believes that it is meaning. Now meaning for Frankl is not something abstract and airy and noble but rather something very concrete and specific to your life - what is the task that life asks of you that only you can do? Look at the c This book stands out as one of the most helpful tools I've found in my life-long search for the way to live and be useful to others despite depression. As opposed to Freud, who believed that the primary drive in man, the most urgent motivation, was pleasure, Frankl believes that it is meaning. Now meaning for Frankl is not something abstract and airy and noble but rather something very concrete and specific to your life - what is the task that life asks of you that only you can do? Look at the circumstances of your life, look at your talents and the people that surround you. Where is the need that is calling for you to respond? For Frankl, the hope that kept him trudging on day by day in the concentration camps was the need to re-write the manuscript (taken away when first imprisoned) where he could present to the world his theory of Logotherapy. Why I found this book so helpful in my struggles with depression is because one of the rock-bottom places where depression can take you is despair. Despair is the absence of hope. The search for meaning, for a response to something life is asking of you, is the place where hope is born. Frankl states that hope, like genuine laughter or like faith or love is not something that we can will into being. We cannot make hope appear willy nilly in our lives because hope is more than a nice thought, it is, like true love something that involves your whole being. I find this to be true but there are things that we can do to prepare the way for hope's arrival and hope will come, it will always come. We can search for meaning because searching and looking and asking and expecting are acts and attitudes that we can will. Meaning, according to Frankl is found in three different forms. Meaning is found in creating or doing. Meaning is found in experiencing something greater than ourselves and in encountering another being through love. And finally, meaning can be found in the attitude we take toward unavoidable suffering. The important thing here is that in all of these instances the value of the thing that gives meaning is subjective. There is no scale out there that says that writing a novel gives more meaning than helping your spouse with the dishes. When it comes to meaning, the small, the hidden, the unsaid is as important as the great acts of genius and you alone are the judge. Orienting yourself to responding in some way to what life is asking of you may not be the sole cure to depression but it is for me a necessary part of any healing process, of learning to live and be useful, despite the illness.

  11. 4 out of 5

    فرشاد

    باشد که با این خواندن، از این بی معنا یی زندگی، رهایی پیدا کنم...

  12. 4 out of 5

    K.D. Absolutely

    The sun is slowly rising up ushering the dawning of a new day. The mother and the father are sipping their first cups of coffee. Their schooling children are rising up from their bed. The mother attends to her children’s daily routine. She bathes, feeds them their breakfast and makes sure that their things are all in their individual school bags. Para Kanino Ka Bumabangon? (translation: Whom Do You Wake Up For?) is heard as a voice over. This is Nestle’s TV ad for Nescafe coffee but it sends a v The sun is slowly rising up ushering the dawning of a new day. The mother and the father are sipping their first cups of coffee. Their schooling children are rising up from their bed. The mother attends to her children’s daily routine. She bathes, feeds them their breakfast and makes sure that their things are all in their individual school bags. Para Kanino Ka Bumabangon? (translation: Whom Do You Wake Up For?) is heard as a voice over. This is Nestle’s TV ad for Nescafe coffee but it sends a very clear message: that each of us has our own reason for living and this reason is the meaning of our life, our existence. In a nutshell, this is what Viktor Emil Frankl (1905-1997) an Austrian Jew, neurologist, psychiatrist and a Holocaust survivor, is saying in this 1946 originally-published book, Man’s Search for Meaning. He says that the life of each one of us has its own meaning. That meaning cannot be generalized. His theory of logotherapy which is a form of Existential Analysis, can be used to determine one’s meaning for living or even suffering. Using his horrendous experiences at Auschwitz concentration camp, which he narrated in the first part of this book, he said that he and the other survivors kept themselves alive by imaging and looking forward to their lives after the war. Those who felt hopeless and they could not picture themselves reuniting with their families after the war, perished. As if they had no longer any reason for living and thus they chose to die rather than to survive. He also said that we should not ask for the meaning of our life. Rather, we should ask what life wants from us. I have read several books about the holocaust. I have seen and liked Steven Spielberg’s Schindler’s List and read and liked Thomas Keneally’s Schindler’s Ark, Imre Kertesz’s Fatelessness, Elie Wiesel’s Night, Victor Klemperer’s I Will Bear Witness and of course Anne Frank’s Diary of the Young Girl. That’s why the first part of this book did not shock me anymore. However, there are some parts here that were new to me like Frankl’s heavy interactions with the Gapos, co-inmates but they have leadership positions and also he, as a doctor, had a chance to escape from the Auschwitz concentration camp together with another doctor. This was the first time I heard that a prisoner could well, almost successfully escape the camp. The second part of the book is more on clinical analysis and theories about logotheraphy which Frankl pioneered. It is similar to psychotherapy but this one is more forward-looking. It is a type of existentialist analysis that focuses on a will to meaning as opposed to Adler’s Nietzchean doctrine of will to power or Freud’s will to pleasure. Rather than power or pleasure, logotherapy is founded upon the belief that it is the striving to find a meaning in one's life that is the primary, most powerful motivating and driving force in humans. (Source: Wikipedia). And this striving to find a meaning is the reason why we wake up each morning. Ikaw, para kanino ka bumabangon?

  13. 5 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    Trotzdem Ja zum Leben sagen: Ein Psychologe erlebt das Konzentrationslager = Man's Search for Meaning; an introduction to logotherapy, Viktor E. Frankl Man's Search for Meaning is a 1946 book by Viktor Frankl chronicling his experiences as an Auschwitz concentration camp inmate during World War II, and describing his psychotherapeutic method, which involved identifying a purpose in life to feel positively about, and then immersively imagining that outcome. According to Frankl, the way a prisoner Trotzdem Ja zum Leben sagen: Ein Psychologe erlebt das Konzentrationslager = Man's Search for Meaning; an introduction to logotherapy, Viktor E. Frankl Man's Search for Meaning is a 1946 book by Viktor Frankl chronicling his experiences as an Auschwitz concentration camp inmate during World War II, and describing his psychotherapeutic method, which involved identifying a purpose in life to feel positively about, and then immersively imagining that outcome. According to Frankl, the way a prisoner imagined the future affected his longevity. The book intends to answer the question "How was everyday life in a concentration camp reflected in the mind of the average prisoner?" Part One constitutes Frankl's analysis of his experiences in the concentration camps, while Part Two introduces his ideas of meaning and his theory called logotherapy. عنوانها: انسان در جستجوی معنی؛ انسان در جستجوی معنی غایی؛ درون خود را جستجو کنید خودشناسی و خودباوری آشنایی با معنی درمانی؛ انسان در جستجوی معنا؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: ماه می سال 1975 میلادی عنوان: انسان در جستجوی معنی؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ مترجمین: نهضت صالحیان؛ مهین میلانی؛ چاپ نخست: تهران، دانشگاه تهران، 1354؛ چاپ دوم: تهران، آذر، 1363؛ در 260 ص؛ کتابنامه: از ص 236 تا 259؛ چاپ چهارم: 1368؛ چاپ دیگر: تهران، نهضت صالحیان و مهین میلانی، 1370؛ چاپ بعدی: 1371؛ چاپ هشتم: تهران، درسا، 1374؛ چاپ دوازدهم: 1381؛ موضوع: اردوگاه اسیران آلمان، روانشناسی، زندانیان، - سده 20 م عنوان: انسان در جستجوی معنی غایی؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ مترجمین: احمد صبوری؛ عباس شمیم؛ چاپ نخست: تهران، صداقصیده، 1381؛ در 207 ص؛ شابک: ایکس - 964641172؛ کتابنامه از ص 165 تا 186؛ عنوان: انسان در جستجوی معنی؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ مترجم: اکبر معارفی؛ تهران، موسسه انتشارات دانشگاه تهران، 1378؛ در 106 ص؛ شابک: 9640337854؛ کتابنامه از ص 105 تا 106؛ چاپ نهم 1388، شابک: 9789640337851؛ چاپ یازدهم 1393؛ عنوان: درون خود را جستجو کنید خودشناسی و خودباوری آشنایی با معنی درمانی؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ مترجم: الهام مبارکی زاده؛ تهران، پل، 1388؛ در 240 ص؛ شابک: 9789642330058؛ عنوان: انسان در جستجوی معنا؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ مترجم: مهدی گنجی؛ ویراستار: حمزه گنجی؛ تهران، ساوالان، 1392؛ در 243 ص؛ شابک: 9789647609890؛ عنوان: انسان در جستجوی معنا؛ نویسنده: ویکتور امیل فرانکل؛ مترجم: امیر لاهوتی؛ تهران، جامی، 1394؛ در 184 ص؛ شابک: 9786001761157؛ انسان در جستجوی معنا اثر: ویکتور فرانکل، روان‌پزشک، عصب‌ شناس و پدیدآورنده ی لوگوتراپی است، که نخستین بار در سال 1946 میلادی منتشر شد. این کتاب دربردارنده ی خاطرات فرانکل، از وضعیت خود، و سایر قربانیان اردوگاه‌های کار اجباری آلمان، در خلال جنگ دوم جهانی است. فرانکل در این کتاب، به عنوان یک روان‌شناس اگزیستانسیالیت، به اهمیت جستجوی معنا، برای زندگی، در سخت‌ترین شرایط زندگی می‌پردازد، و ضمن روایت خاطراتش از اردوگاه‌های کار اجباری، تلاش می‌کند، نگرش جدیدش را در روان‌شناسی (لوگوتراپی) تبیین کند. ا. شربیانی

  14. 5 out of 5

    Raha

    داشتم فکر می کردم که دنیا با وجود این همه وحشی گری هنوز هم میتونه جای قشنگی برای آدم ها باشه. اما دوست دارم زمانی که این مساله رو به عنوان یه باور به زبون میارم ، اون آدمی باشم که تصوری واقعی از زشتی دنیا داره و اون نیمه ی تاریک زندگی رو هم لمس کرده بخونید این کتاب رو ، حتما بخونید. حداقل چیزی که ازش بدست می آرید اینه که متوجه میشین انسان ها در بدترین شرایط روحی و جسمی شون باز هم قادر به ادامه دادن زندگی هستند. اینکه معنای زندگی هامون فراتر از شکست خوردن و به آسانی تسلیم شدن هست، و اینکه هستند ا داشتم فکر می کردم که دنیا با وجود این همه وحشی گری هنوز هم میتونه جای قشنگی برای آدم ها باشه. اما دوست دارم زمانی که این مساله رو به عنوان یه باور به زبون میارم ، اون آدمی باشم که تصوری واقعی از زشتی دنیا داره و اون نیمه ی تاریک زندگی رو هم لمس کرده بخونید این کتاب رو ، حتما بخونید. حداقل چیزی که ازش بدست می آرید اینه که متوجه میشین انسان ها در بدترین شرایط روحی و جسمی شون باز هم قادر به ادامه دادن زندگی هستند. اینکه معنای زندگی هامون فراتر از شکست خوردن و به آسانی تسلیم شدن هست، و اینکه هستند انسان هایی که با لمس سیاه ترین نیمه ی این دنیا هنوز به وجود زیبایی هاش معتقدن

  15. 5 out of 5

    anarki

    Have you ever been in a situation wherein unreasonable suffering seems the only task left in your life that suicide seems to be a very reasonable option? Have you ever thought that living only extends the misery and torment you've already took? Have you felt the vacuum of meaningless suffering sucking the life out of you like a black hole? Have you ever thought that breathing is a disease only death can cure? If yes, then you haven't read this book. The meaning of life … Many people already died Have you ever been in a situation wherein unreasonable suffering seems the only task left in your life that suicide seems to be a very reasonable option? Have you ever thought that living only extends the misery and torment you've already took? Have you felt the vacuum of meaningless suffering sucking the life out of you like a black hole? Have you ever thought that breathing is a disease only death can cure? If yes, then you haven't read this book. The meaning of life … Many people already died trying to find it or died before even finding it. We, human beings, have this need to fill the void. “What's the meaning of life?” is a very famous question. A question that is a widespread epidemic around the world. In this book, Man's Search for Meaning by Viktor Frankl, he shares his experiences in the concentration camp. Horrifying. It makes your gut feel sick. It makes you grind your teeth and clench your fists and punch the wall. Or whatever. It makes you stop reading and reflect. If you're not familiar with the history of Hitler, The Nazis, or watched movies like “A Beautiful Life” or “Schinder's List”, you will be in a state of shock reading this autobiographical account. Frankl discussed in the first part of the book the Psychological Reaction or Phases of a prisoner in the concentration camp. First phase is Shock. You are welcomed by the horror and brutality. This is the moment when everything from you is taken off. Every possession that you have. Every strand of hair in your body is shaved off. Even your name is replaced by a number. You are no longer a human being. Inside the camp, you are nothing but a number. 119, 104 was Frankl's.. It's only you and your naked existence –even minus the hair. During this phase, everyday life in the camp is hell. There was even a night that someone was a having a delirium while he was sleeping. At first, Frankl wanted to wake him up, but after a few second he decided not to. Fact is: The reality he's gonna be waking up to is a lot worse than the nightmare he was having. This is the moment when you'll realized that nightmares are better than reality. Every minute in the camp, the thought of death doesn't escape your thoughts. Every day, someone dies. Or decides to kill himself. The death toll increases, and you are nothing but a statistic that won't even be recorded. You could be next. Later, this day to day camp experience will take your capacity to feel pain itself. The next phase is Apathy. In this phase, you are accustomed to the camp environment. It was once said that man can adapt to any situations, only he thinks he can't. The blows in the head no longer hurt you. It's the mental agony that will make you suffer –the injustice. You can even drag the dead body out of the way and steal his belongings for your own betterment. You only bother to take care of your survival. Survival of the fittest. Frankl discovered that they already proved Science wrong. If Science were right, then they should have been dead meat. There’s something inside the human body that is more than itself. Something beyond their own anatomy. Pause. Let me ask you a question. Have you ever wondered why there were some people who got the guts to escort the prisoners to the Gas Chambers? The Schutzstaffel, a.k.a in abbreviated form: the SS, and the Capos. How did they get the nerve of doing that? And how do they even find tyranny pleasurable? Here, we come to the last phase of a prisoner’s Psychological Reaction. It’s Depersonalization. The person is depersonalized. It’s no longer a person, but a thing. The morals are distorted. The person inside, dies. The person has become nothing but a number. A prisoner a prisoner. An SS an SS. A Capo a Capo. They killed the spiritual life inside them, thus resorting to such evil acts making the people around them suffer instead of themselves. When liberation had come, at first thought, they expected themselves to be happy and free. They were wrong. Being happy was something they've unlearned. After years of meaningless suffering as prisoners of war, they forgot how it feels like to be free again –how to be free –how to be a human being. A human being who became a number. Then a number finding its way back to be a human being. I apologize for the attempt to summarize. Frankl's experience in the concentration camp put Sigmund Freud into shame. It's not really pleasure that drives people to live his life. It disputes the Pleasure Principle and Adler's Will to Power. After reading this book and know the immeasurable meaningless suffering a prisoner had went through, you would wonder how were these people able to survive. .... It's the Will to Meaning. Quoting from from a famous philosopher “He who has a why to live can bear with almost any how.” No matter how much suffering one is going through. If he finds a reason to live through it. His soul will speak with pride. Looking back, shouting to the world “I went through it all!” The suffering had become an inspiration. It had become a trophy. It had become an achievement that no one can ever steal.“That which does not kill me makes me stronger.” Again, from that famous philosopher. Because of this theory, the suffering impregnated Viktor Frankl and later gave birth to Logotherapy or Existential Therapy which is going to be discussed in the 2nd half of the book. It's more than being logical. Logos is deeper than Logic. It is self-transcendence. A form of Psychotherapy that focuses on meaning. The psychotherapist plays the role of an Ophthalmologist. He makes the patient see what he doesn't see. Everything, no matter how miserable it is, has a meaning. No matter how much suffering one is going through, it doesn't take away the internal freedom to deal cope with the situation. "Everything can be taken away from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms —to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way." and, “When we are no longer able to change a situation, we are challenged to change ourselves.” And what happens to a man after going through hell? Simple. He is no longer afraid of anything. To end this, I want to share a story. After the liberation, some personnel visited the concentration camps. They took a look around the ruins of war. And as they were roaming, one personnel noticed something etched on the wall, "Vielen Dank, Mein Lieber Gott! Sie haben mir die Gelegenheit geben, denen vergeben, die unverzeihlich!" Translated in English it says, "Thank you, my dear God! For you have given me the opportunity to forgive the unforgivable!" And by the way, I have a blog: www.pagexero.wordpress.com.

  16. 4 out of 5

    Diane

    This is a fascinating book by a psychiatrist who survived the Holocaust. The first part, which I loved, is the author's story about how he endured the concentration camps. Frankl's purpose in describing his time in Auschwitz and other camps was not to dwell on the horrors -- though there were plenty of those -- but instead to focus on how prisoners found meaning in their lives and how they chose to survive. The book's foreword has a good summary of the ideas to come: "Terrible as it was, his exp This is a fascinating book by a psychiatrist who survived the Holocaust. The first part, which I loved, is the author's story about how he endured the concentration camps. Frankl's purpose in describing his time in Auschwitz and other camps was not to dwell on the horrors -- though there were plenty of those -- but instead to focus on how prisoners found meaning in their lives and how they chose to survive. The book's foreword has a good summary of the ideas to come: "Terrible as it was, his experience in Auschwitz reinforced what was already one of his key ideas: Life is not primarily a quest for pleasure, as Freud believed, or a quest for power, as Alfred Adler taught, but a quest for meaning. The greatest task for any person is to find meaning in his or her life. Frankl saw three possible sources for meaning: in work (doing something significant), in love (caring for another person), and in courage during difficult times. Suffering in and of itself is meaningless; we give suffering meaning by the way in which we respond to it." I have read Elie Wiesel's Night and Art Spiegelman's Maus books, both of which provide searing images of the horrors of the camps, but Frankl's description of Auschwitz is noteworthy because he was able to view his ordeal philosophically. In the midst of hell on earth, he had the brilliant focus of a scholar who was trying to see beyond the present and into greater human truths. At spare moments in his work at doctoring sick patients in the camp, he would jot down ideas for a manuscript. And one night when prisoners were forced to march in the bitter cold, Frankl was wondering if his wife was still alive when he had a realization: "A thought transfixed me: for the first time in my life I saw the truth as it is set into song by so many poets, proclaimed as the final wisdom by so many thinkers. The truth -- that love is the ultimate and the highest goal to which man can aspire. Then I grasped the meaning of the greatest secret that human poetry and human thought and belief have to impart: The salvation of man is through love and in love. I understood how a man who has nothing left in this world still may know bliss, be it only for a brief moment, in the contemplation of his beloved." Frankl described the different attitudes of prisoners, and how some people gave up hope of living and they soon died. Those who focused on their reasons for living had a better chance of survival. "We who lived in concentration camps can remember the men who walked through the huts comforting others, giving away their last piece of bread. They may have been few in number, but they offer sufficient proof that everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms -- to choose one's attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one's own way." The second part of the book focuses on Frankl's system of logotherapy, which is about finding someone's primary meaning in life, and this section is more difficult to read and seems to be geared toward graduate students in psychology. The 2006 edition that I read had a lovely afterword giving more details about Frankl's life and the impact of his work. One story was about a young Israeli soldier who had lost both his legs in battle and who was depressed and suicidal. Then the soldier became more serene after reading Man's Search for Meaning. "When he was told about the soldier, Frankl wondered whether 'there may be such a thing as autobibliotherapy -- healing through reading.'" (As someone who frequently finds comfort in books, I say yes, autobibliotherapy is real.) When Frankl's camp was finally liberated by the Red Cross in 1945, he moved to Vienna. He discovered that he was all alone -- his wife, parents and brother had all died in the camps. Frankl chose to resume his career as a psychiatrist, wrote several books and gave innumerable lectures. In one of his classes he was asked to express the meaning of his own life in one sentence. He wrote it down and asked his students to guess what had been written: "After some moments of quiet reflection, a student surprised Frankl by saying, 'The meaning of your life is to help others find the meaning of theirs.' "'That was it exactly,' Frankl said. 'Those are the very words I had written.'" Note: Originally I gave this book 4 stars, having docked a star because of the denseness of the second part. But the first part of this book is so powerful and memorable that I've raised it back up to a 5.

  17. 4 out of 5

    هَنَـــاءْ

    "لقد دعوت الله في سجني الضيق .. فأجابني في رحابة الكون." "ويل لمن لا يرى في الحياة معنى!." "من يمتلك سبباً يعيش من أجله فإنه يستطيع غالباً أن يتحمل بأي طريقة وبأي حال." -نيتشه _________ "الحياة يمكن أن يتم سحبها بواسطة الأهداف تماما مثلما يمكن أن يكون دفعها بالغرائز." "إن الهدف الحقيقي للوجود الإنساني لا يمكن أن يوجد فيما يسمى بتحقيق الذات. فالوجود الإنساني هو بالضرورة تسام بالذات وتجاوز لها أكثر من أن يكون تحقيقاً للذات." "حين لم نعد قادرين على تغيير وضع فنحن نواجه تحدياً يتمثل في تغيير أنفسنا." "ال ‏‏"لقد دعوت الله في سجني الضيق .. فأجابني في رحابة الكون." ‏ ‏‏‏"ويل لمن لا يرى في الحياة معنى!." ‏‏‏"من يمتلك سبباً يعيش من أجله فإنه يستطيع غالباً أن يتحمل بأي طريقة وبأي حال." -نيتشه ‏ _________ ‏‏"الحياة يمكن أن يتم سحبها بواسطة الأهداف تماما مثلما يمكن أن يكون دفعها بالغرائز." ‏‏"إن الهدف الحقيقي للوجود الإنساني لا يمكن أن يوجد فيما يسمى بتحقيق الذات. فالوجود الإنساني هو بالضرورة تسام بالذات وتجاوز لها أكثر من أن يكون تحقيقاً للذات." ‏‏"حين لم نعد قادرين على تغيير وضع فنحن نواجه تحدياً يتمثل في تغيير أنفسنا." "اليأس هو معاناة منقوص منها المعنى." ‏ فيكتور اميل فرانكل - طبيب الأمراض العصبية النمساوي. أحد الناجين من المحرقة النازية في الحرب العالمية الثانية. وأحد مؤسسي العلاج بالرمز والعثور على المعنى. مع البداية .. كانت السيرة مأساوية إلى حد لا يطاق، حياة المعتقلات والتعذيب النفسي والجسدي، والاضطهاد بأبشع صوره وألوانه. نمط من الضغط البشع والذي فاق بوحشيته التعامل مع أي كائن حي. آلمني السرد .. شعرت بروح المعاناة وإن كنت لا أعرفها أو أتصورها كمجرد فكرة. الميزة في هذا الكتاب؛ أنه جاء من قلب الحدث، خرج صوت فيكتور من وسط أصوات التعذيب، وتحليلاته من قلب المختبر الفعلي للواقع المر. استنتاجاته عميقة إلى درجة كبيرة، قلمه كان آلة تشريح تفوق حدتها مشرط جراح ذو خبرة دهر. أثار تساؤلاتي .. ألهمتني عباراته بشكل كبير جداً .. مع أني أتيت لقراءته كنتيجة فعلية بعد قراءتي لـ "مشكلة الشر ووجود الله". كنت أريد أن أرى كيف يتفاعل الإنسان مع الشر ويتسامى عنه ويخرج بطريقة ترفع منه كثيراً بعد انحطاط أوضاعه، وتدني ظروفه إلى أدنى المستويات. متى يخرج المرء من الألم بأقل الخسائر؟ من يفقد من .. في رحى المعركة؟ _________ ‏ ‏ ‏ ‏ __________ بعد السيرة المختصرة، تمم التجربة بتحليلاته المخلصة، تناولت نفسية السجين من زوايا عدة، أو لنقل نفسية المأزوم .. الواقع تحت الضيق الحتمي، والمعناة بلا فواصل أو نقط أو إشارات. إنما هو نفسه في لب الضيق وقلبه النابض .. لذا لم تكن تحليلات فحسب بل أدوية من عصارة عقل طبيب مر بأسوء ما يحتمل. الفصول الأخيرة كانت أقل إثارة وأكثر تفصيلاً ولكن أشد عمقاً ومداولة لكل ما نوه عليه في البداية. أبرز ما تناوله فيها؛ فكرة العلاج بالمعنى، وربط البائس بمعنى مستقبلي يحفزه على البقاء والتمسك فيه، وليس بالضرورة أن يكون لتحقيق الذات .. يكفي منه التسامي على علاته .. ‏‏"من يمنح النور يجب أن يتحمل الاحتراق." ‏

  18. 4 out of 5

    J.L. Sutton

    In Man's Search for Meaning, Victor Frankl begins his description of life in Nazi concentration camps (including Auschwitz) with the premise that life in the camps represents a provisional existence. In what must have seemed hopeless circumstances, is there any point in searching for meaning for one's life? Frankl does not dwell on the atrocities, but he does detail the mindset of his fellow prisoners facing what most of them knew was their death (as well as the death of their loved ones). Using In Man's Search for Meaning, Victor Frankl begins his description of life in Nazi concentration camps (including Auschwitz) with the premise that life in the camps represents a provisional existence. In what must have seemed hopeless circumstances, is there any point in searching for meaning for one's life? Frankl does not dwell on the atrocities, but he does detail the mindset of his fellow prisoners facing what most of them knew was their death (as well as the death of their loved ones). Using his experiences as a guide, he outlines his ideas about logotherapy while finding reason to hold to a 'tragic optimism.' There are other essential books detailing life in concentration camps (I'm thinking especially of Primo Levi's Life in Auschwitz), but Frankl's is an important work which should be read by those who seek to understand how concentration camp prisoners faced their ordeal.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Ben

    Reading about the holocaust awakens me to the varying sides and degrees of human nature. "Life in a concentration camp tore open the human soul and exposed its depths. Is it surprising that in those depths we again found only human qualities which in there very nature were a mixture of good and evil? The rift dividing good from evil, which goes through all human beings, reaches into the lowest depths and becomes apparent even on the bottom of the abyss which is laid open by the concentration camp Reading about the holocaust awakens me to the varying sides and degrees of human nature. "Life in a concentration camp tore open the human soul and exposed its depths. Is it surprising that in those depths we again found only human qualities which in there very nature were a mixture of good and evil? The rift dividing good from evil, which goes through all human beings, reaches into the lowest depths and becomes apparent even on the bottom of the abyss which is laid open by the concentration camp." It is easier than we may think to get controlled by the barbaric aspects that exist within us. It’s almost incomprehensible that the holocaust took place in such recent history, at a time -- by relative, historic standards -- that contained comfortable living situations, educational access, and plenty of opportunity. Reading about the holocaust reminds me that we are simple and easily manipulated; that we can easily shut off our conscience and our ability to empathize, and do unimaginably horrible things to fellow, innocent, human beings. This is not a positive testament to human nature. "From all this we may learn that there are two races of men in this world, but only these two - the "race" of the decent man and the "race" of the indecent man. Both are found everywhere; they penetrate into all groups of society. No group consists entirely of decent or indecent people. In this sense, no group is of "pure race" - therefore one occasionally found a decent fellow among the camp guards. But then I see that goodness can still exist, even when one has every reason not to act on empathy; even when a simple, helpful act for another can threaten one's own life. Nazi's that showed compassion for prisoners were often killed, yet some men were brave and caring enough to help his fellow man. This gives me hope. Here's a specific story from the book that highlights this: "I remember how one day a foreman secretly gave me a piece of bread which I knew he must have saved from his breakfast ration. It was far more than the small piece of bread which moved me to tears at that time. It was the human "something" which this man also gave to me - the word and look which accompanied the gift.” This kind of act was not unusual for this specific SS commander, and was not forgotten by the prisoners, either. In fact, the kindness was returned: When Frankl’s camp was being liberated, 3 young Hungarian Jews hid this commander in the Bavarian woods as the other SS commanders were being gathered by U.S. troops. The 3 men would only give up the SS commander under the condition that no harm come to him. And, not only was he taken in unharmed, but he was later given the role of supervising the collection and distribution of clothing among the villages. Had this man not acted on compassion, he would have been caught and suffered a difficult fate. But sometimes -- no, not enough -- but sometimes, the good do win out. This is a positive testament to human nature. Frankl gives an honest, modest account of his holocaust experience. But he helped a lot of people make it through -- he gave people hope through his psychiatric knowledge, insights, and wisdom. Through the process he became a firm believer in logotherapy, which he explains in detail in the second half of the book. According to logotherapy, one must find meaning in life, and if one finds meaning, he or she can make it through anything. Or, as the Nietzsche quote (which Frankl was fond of), says, "He who has a why to live for can bear almost any how." In regards to logotherapy, Frankl states, "It is one of the basic tenets of logotherapy that man's main concern is not to gain pleasure or to avoid pain but rather to see a meaning in his life. That is why man is even ready to suffer, on the condition, to be sure, that his suffering has a meaning." Again and again those that had meaning were more likely to survive. Frankl was reminded of this at the start of every New Year, when the deaths in the camp drastically increased. According to Frankl, there was one main variable involved with this: loss of meaning. A number of prisoners kept themselves going by imagining themselves out of the camp in time for the holidays, which they hoped to spend with their loved ones. They pictured it in their minds and it kept them going through many grueling days. When the holidays came and went, they no longer had that image to strive for and were crushed. They gave up hope. They gave up meaning. They gave up life. Reading this book helped give me perspective into my own life, and insight into the power that exists within us all. While reading, I tried my best to fathom the great pain and suffering that those in camps went through, and I tried to understand how they endured it. Starvation, unrelenting work, freezing conditions in the winter, dehydration in the summer; and not just physical pain, but imagine watching neighbors, friends, and family members die. What happens to someone's mind, body, and heart as he or she goes through such drastic, painful, hopeless, and desperate situations? How does one continue to go on? What kind of strength does one tap into and where does it come from? It seems impossible, yet many people survived and went on to live enriching lives. Reading about, and gaining a grasp of this awesome power within us is inspiring: the capabilities of the human; the depths of our courage and perseverance. “We must never forget that we may also find meaning in life even when confronted with a hopeless situation, when facing a fate that cannot be changed. For what then matters is to bear witness to the uniquely human potential at its best, which is to transform a personal tragedy into a triumph, to turn one's predicament into a human achievement. When we are no longer able to change a situation - just think of an incurable disease such as inoperable cancer - we are challenged to change ourselves." Human potential at its best, indeed.

  20. 5 out of 5

    Raya راية

    "فالويل لمن لا يرى في حياته معنى، ولا يستشعر هدفًا أو غرضًا لها؛ ومن ثم لا يجد قيمة في مواصلة هذه الحياة." إن ما يميّز الإنسان عن باقي الكائنات الأخرى هو أن الإنسان لا يمكنه العيش من أجل الغذاء والنوم والجنس.. إلخ – على الرغم من أهمية هذه الحاجات- فقط، وإنما بأن يدرك أن لحياته معنى وأن يحيا من أجل هدف يحققه وأن يكون له مُثُل ومبادئ وقيم عليا.. وإن الإنسان الذي لا يدرك معنى وجوده أو لا يملك هدفًا يحيا من أجله لهو إنسان ضائع وستفقد "الحياة" لديه معناها وقد يكون أقرب للموت في كل لحظة. إنّي على الصع "فالويل لمن لا يرى في حياته معنى، ولا يستشعر هدفًا أو غرضًا لها؛ ومن ثم لا يجد قيمة في مواصلة هذه الحياة." إن ما يميّز الإنسان عن باقي الكائنات الأخرى هو أن الإنسان لا يمكنه العيش من أجل الغذاء والنوم والجنس.. إلخ – على الرغم من أهمية هذه الحاجات- فقط، وإنما بأن يدرك أن لحياته معنى وأن يحيا من أجل هدف يحققه وأن يكون له مُثُل ومبادئ وقيم عليا.. وإن الإنسان الذي لا يدرك معنى وجوده أو لا يملك هدفًا يحيا من أجله لهو إنسان ضائع وستفقد "الحياة" لديه معناها وقد يكون أقرب للموت في كل لحظة. إنّي على الصعيد الشخصي، وجدت الكتاب وأفكاره قريبة جدًا مني، لما مررت به من تجارب مشابهة. وقريبة أيضًا للإنسان بشكل عام. والكتاب ككل بسيط نوعًا ما وموجّه للعامة. ويعتبر مقدمة جيدة لإلقاء الضوء على مدرسة العلاج بالمعنى. كتاب قيّم جدًا ولا تكفيه قراءة واحدة.

  21. 4 out of 5

    Mohammed

    لابد أنك قابلت بعضهم! من مروا بتجارب قاسية: إفلاس عَقِب ثراء قسوة البشر علاقة فاشلة مكوث في السجن مَرض مُقعد أصيبوا باضطرابات نفسية أشد بطشًا من الظروف التي مروا بها: اكتئاب مرضي ارتياب ووسوسة اضطراب ثنائي القطبية خوف غير منطقي مالم تحصن نفسيتك من الداخل، فستهشم مطارق الحياة زجاج روحك بشكل يستعصي على الإصلاح. يتمترس البعض خلف الإيمان، بينما تغرق ثلةٌ في العمل، يرتمي القليل في أحضان الحب فيما يتلجئ الآخرون إلى بيت العائلة. كلما سبق أدرجه الدكتور فرانكل تحت مسمى (المعنى)، فالمعنى –من وجهة نظره- هو مايحمي الإنسا لابد أنك قابلت بعضهم! من مروا بتجارب قاسية: إفلاس عَقِب ثراء قسوة البشر علاقة فاشلة مكوث في السجن مَرض مُقعد أصيبوا باضطرابات نفسية أشد بطشًا من الظروف التي مروا بها: اكتئاب مرضي ارتياب ووسوسة اضطراب ثنائي القطبية خوف غير منطقي مالم تحصن نفسيتك من الداخل، فستهشم مطارق الحياة زجاج روحك بشكل يستعصي على الإصلاح. يتمترس البعض خلف الإيمان، بينما تغرق ثلةٌ في العمل، يرتمي القليل في أحضان الحب فيما يتلجئ الآخرون إلى بيت العائلة. كلما سبق أدرجه الدكتور فرانكل تحت مسمى (المعنى)، فالمعنى –من وجهة نظره- هو مايحمي الإنسان من الإنكسار في الأوقات العصيبة. ينقسم الكتاب إلى قسمين، يروي في القسم الأول جانبًا من تجربته في معتقل أوشيفتز النازي في سياق بحث الإنسان عن المعنى. وفي القسم التالي يشرح أطروحاته حول العلاج النفسي باستخدام المعنى مستلهما تجربته في المعتقل وتجاربه مع مرضى وأصدقاء. أفَضل هنا ألّا أذكر ما يحتويه الكتاب بل ما ليس فيه، كي أزيل عن القارئ المحتمل بعض الأفكار المُسبقة التي قد تثنيه عن قراءته: هذا الكتاب: 1- لا يندرج تحت لائحة تطوير الذات. فهو يخلو من النصائح المباشرة، والخطوات التي يُنصح باتباعها والجداول والخطط وكل ذلك الدجل الأنيق الوارد في بعض كتب التطوير الشخصي. 2- لا يستغل معاناة المعتقلين للدعاية الدينية أو السياسية. 3- ليس أكاديميًا محضًا وإن احتوى على بعض المصطلحات الثقيلة، وليس قصصيًا صِرفًا، بل يستخدم القصص لدعم نظرية معينة في علم النفس. 4- ليس مخصصًا لكل من داهمه اليأس أو الضنك فحسب بل لكل من ينشد الصحة النفسية والتأمل في تقلبات هذه الدنيا وتأثيرها على بني البشر. كتاب قيّم ومميز. أحب الكتب التي تطرح علم النفس بشكل مفهوم، وهي نادرة على قدر علمي.

  22. 4 out of 5

    Maxwell

    I have to separate the emotional impact of the first half of the book from my overall impression on how effective the book was as a whole. It's really difficult not to find stories of the holocaust incredibly gripping, and the way in which Frankl speaks of his experience is inspiring and yet still maintains that gravity you'd expect from such a narrative. However, the latter half of the book delves much more into a psychological, and less personal, examination of 'logotherapy' (that is, the autho I have to separate the emotional impact of the first half of the book from my overall impression on how effective the book was as a whole. It's really difficult not to find stories of the holocaust incredibly gripping, and the way in which Frankl speaks of his experience is inspiring and yet still maintains that gravity you'd expect from such a narrative. However, the latter half of the book delves much more into a psychological, and less personal, examination of 'logotherapy' (that is, the author's personal psychological theory). Once it became more of a text book with small sections reflecting on specific terms and theories, it was difficult to stay engaged. I also felt it lacked the cohesiveness that the first part of the book had with a more linear narrative structure. Nonetheless, the nuggets of wisdom I gleaned from this book were worth the reading. And I can only commend Frankl on his 'tragic optimism' in such a horrific environment as a Nazi concentration camp.

  23. 5 out of 5

    mai ahmd

    كتاب جميل جدا ومهم في مجال الصحة النفسية يستعرض الدكتور فرانكل تجربته الذاتية وخبراته في معسكرات النازية وكيف استطاع من خلال إيمانه بمعنى وجوده من الإستمرار في مقاومة حياة الذل كيف أعطى لنفسه معنى حين ألغي وجوده في المعسكر وتحول لمجرد رقم من خلال تحقيقه الانتصار الداخلي الكاتب وصف المراحل التي يمر بها السجين منها مرحلة النكوص مرحلة اختلال الشخصية ومرحلة البلادة مرحلة العدم ومحاولات الإنتحار كما يتحدث باسهاب عن المعاناة والألم النفسي المشوق في الكتاب أنه يضرب أمثلة من واقع تجربته شخصيا يشرح في الج كتاب جميل جدا ومهم في مجال الصحة النفسية يستعرض الدكتور فرانكل تجربته الذاتية وخبراته في معسكرات النازية وكيف استطاع من خلال إيمانه بمعنى وجوده من الإستمرار في مقاومة حياة الذل كيف أعطى لنفسه معنى حين ألغي وجوده في المعسكر وتحول لمجرد رقم من خلال تحقيقه الانتصار الداخلي الكاتب وصف المراحل التي يمر بها السجين منها مرحلة النكوص مرحلة اختلال الشخصية ومرحلة البلادة مرحلة العدم ومحاولات الإنتحار كما يتحدث باسهاب عن المعاناة والألم النفسي المشوق في الكتاب أنه يضرب أمثلة من واقع تجربته شخصيا يشرح في الجزء الثاني من الكتاب المبادىء الأساسية للعلاج بالمعنى الكتاب قيّم جدا لمن يعانون من الإحباط وحالات الإكتئاب

  24. 5 out of 5

    David Lentz

    I followed Viktor Frankl diligently in his journey from the gas ovens of Auschwitz into the hospitals of Vienna after he beats the 1 in 20 odds of his surviving a German concentration camp. He writes that the single most important self-determinant in his survival was his deep inherent conviction under the worst of all possible conditions that life has meaning: even here under constant risk of typhus, wearing the recycled prison garb of those who had been sacrificed to the ovens, starving, freezi I followed Viktor Frankl diligently in his journey from the gas ovens of Auschwitz into the hospitals of Vienna after he beats the 1 in 20 odds of his surviving a German concentration camp. He writes that the single most important self-determinant in his survival was his deep inherent conviction under the worst of all possible conditions that life has meaning: even here under constant risk of typhus, wearing the recycled prison garb of those who had been sacrificed to the ovens, starving, freezing, beaten, demonized and dehumanized. If one can still find meaning here and survive because of it, then under better conditions meaning should be possible to find. Frankl believes that there are three sources of meaning: 1) one's work 2) other people whom you love 3) rising with dignity and integrity from a hopelessly tragic diminishment. He found that in the camps the survivors had a positive attitude, which reinforced their search for meaning and gave them hope in a hopeless situation. In Vienna hospitals he debunked theories of Freud and Adler with "logotherapy" which helps others to find the meaning in their lives and heal from thoughts of suicide, psychoses and neurotic behavior. "Logos" is Greek for "meaning" and if you can find it in your own life, then essentially it seems you are as invincible as Frankl, who not only survived Auschwitz but also lived into his 90's, is the living proof of his own thesis. Ultimately, when asked what was the meaning of his life, he wrote that the meaning of his life was to help other people find the meaning in their lives. He is an existentialist but he has a positive outlook on life unlike, for example, Camus or Sartre or the usual champions of this dark philosophy, which sprang out of the widespread, bombed-out wreckage of WWII. He writes that the Nazis proved what man was capable of and Hiroshima proved how high the stakes are. So the search for meaning is important therapy not only as it heals individuals but also because it has a healing and uplifting effect upon humanity as a whole and may well be one approach to saving the human race from its own self-destruction. Frankl had a visa and train ticket out of Vienna before the Nazis rose into power but decided to stay there to help his aging parents who had no such respite. Like Frankl, his pregnant wife and parents were taken to the camps and on the first day after he came home to Vienna he learned that all three had been lost there. He wrote "The Search for Meaning" in only nine days and described how his positive attitude and search for meaning enabled him to survive. He describes how this process of autobiography helped him to begin his own healing, a term which he describes as "autobibliotherapy." By virtue of writing down one's findings in the search for meaning, one serves to find meaning in one's own life and to help others find it in their lives. He prescribes no formulas and believes that every individual must find his or her own meaning in life despite diminishments and suffering and death which accompany every life. With incredible, calm clarity he writes that for everyone "suffering and death are necessary to complete life." He believes that suffering clarifies the meaning of life and, while he doesn't believe we need to bring it upon ourselves, the average life generally provides sufficient circumstances for us to know that suffering is an inevitable aspect of life. So why not learn from it? As Nietzsche wrote: "Suffering is the origin of consciousness." He is not advising us to bring it upon ourselves as a form of sadomasochism but to rise above it with heroic integrity and see it as an opportunity to learn from it. He believes that such life lessons ultimately hold the keys for understanding and overcoming the diminishments of life itself. He writes that man always has a choice of action in reacting to the circumstances no matter how dire they may be. So it seems that readers, when they read great books, are searching for meaning and this search has healing powers for them. Further, it seems that when writers search for meaning in creating their work, they have an opportunity to experience the same healing benefits of autobibliotherapy. So keep reading and writing the good stuff for all the good it can do to you and by all means, read this brief, brilliant book by an Auschwitz survivor as it has life altering implications for you: this book will change your outlook on life and may well, thereby, save it through mastery of the art of living.

  25. 4 out of 5

    Imane

    🌟4/5🌟 RTC.

  26. 5 out of 5

    Wendyslc

    Reading this book in high school changed my life. I grew up in an abusive home and was in constant survival mode. After reading this book I realized that I had a choice. I could let my circumstances dictate my attitude or I could choose my attitude, which could then change my circumstances. Becoming an adult is the hardest thing we ever do. Being an adult means accepting responsibility for your thoughts, actions and character. I realized that I can choose my thoughts and actions regardless of my Reading this book in high school changed my life. I grew up in an abusive home and was in constant survival mode. After reading this book I realized that I had a choice. I could let my circumstances dictate my attitude or I could choose my attitude, which could then change my circumstances. Becoming an adult is the hardest thing we ever do. Being an adult means accepting responsibility for your thoughts, actions and character. I realized that I can choose my thoughts and actions regardless of my past or present after reading this book. I finally understood that work and life are good. As I discipline my attitude, I have more opportunities for service. I can teach with love and have compassion for all around me. I can serve with a humble attitude, which gives my existence meaning. This book enlightened me and helped me to expand my ability to practice patience. I am more positive. I understand that all humans are striving everyday. What I think and choose to do are under my control. I can choose an attitude with a long term perspective and motivate my life to a higher meaning. This is the ultimate book on self motivation.

  27. 4 out of 5

    ☘Misericordia☘ ~ The Serendipity Aegis ~ ⚡ϟ⚡ϟ⚡⛈ ✺❂❤❣

    Q: There is much wisdom in the words of Nietzsche: "He who has a why to live for can bear almost any how”. (c) Q: We who have come back, by the aid of many lucky chances or miracles - whatever one may choose to call them - we know: the best of us did not return. (c) A very hard to read book, which could be used as an antidepressant. If people can live through this, if you can write a book in your head, as a self-therapy so as not lose oneself or die from pain and fear and utter despair... then peop Q: There is much wisdom in the words of Nietzsche: "He who has a why to live for can bear almost any how”. (c) Q: We who have come back, by the aid of many lucky chances or miracles - whatever one may choose to call them - we know: the best of us did not return. (c) A very hard to read book, which could be used as an antidepressant. If people can live through this, if you can write a book in your head, as a self-therapy so as not lose oneself or die from pain and fear and utter despair... then people can do anything. The author... well... people like the author must have been made from steel or maybe titanuim or diamonds... Incredible will to not only live but to overcome things that would have made anyone drop and cry and die inside. A reread. This needs to be reread multiple times to sink in. Q: Forces beyond your control can take away everything you possess except one thing, your freedom to choose how you will respond to the situation. You cannot control what happens to you in life, but you can always control what you will feel and do about what happens to you. .. Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms—to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way. (c) Q: An abnormal reaction to an abnormal situation is normal behavior. (c) Q: In some ways suffering ceases to be suffering at the moment it finds a meaning, such as the meaning of a sacrifice. (c) Q: So live as if you were living already for the second time and as if you had acted the first time as wrongly as you are about to act now! (c) Q: No man should judge unless he asks himself in absolute honesty whether in a similar situation he might not have done the same. (c) Q: Man does not simply exist but always decides what his existence will be, what he will become the next moment. By the same token, every human being has the freedom to change at any instant. (c) Q: Sunday neurosis, that kind of depression which afflicts people who become aware of the lack of content in their lives when the rush of the busy week is over and the void within themselves becomes manifest. (c) Q: As a professor in two fields, neurology and psychiatry, I am fully aware of the extent to which man is subject to biological, psychological and sociological conditions. But in addition to being a professor in two fields I am a survivor of four camps - concentration camps, that is - and as such I also bear witness to the unexpected extent to which man is capable of defying and braving even the worst conditions conceivable. (c) Q: I recommend that the Statue of Liberty on the East Coast be supplemented by a Statue of Responsiblity on the West Coast. (c) Funny guy, was a he a seer or something?

  28. 4 out of 5

    Darwin8u

    “A man who becomes conscious of the responsibility he bears toward a human being who affectionately waits for him, or to an unfinished work, will never be able to throw away his life. He knows the "why" for his existence, and will be able to bear almost any 'how'.” - Viktor E Frankl I read an interesting article in the NYTimes a couple weeks ago that lead me to finally pick this book up. Actually, a couple good articles. The first was titled 'Love People, Not Pleasure' and it was about how "this “A man who becomes conscious of the responsibility he bears toward a human being who affectionately waits for him, or to an unfinished work, will never be able to throw away his life. He knows the "why" for his existence, and will be able to bear almost any 'how'.” - Viktor E Frankl I read an interesting article in the NYTimes a couple weeks ago that lead me to finally pick this book up. Actually, a couple good articles. The first was titled 'Love People, Not Pleasure' and it was about how "this search for fame, the lust for material things and the objectification of others — that is, the cycle of grasping and craving — follows a formula that is elegant, simple and deadly: Love things, use people." The author uses an inversion of this formula that DOES lead to happiness: Use things, Love People (also quoted by Spencer W. Kimball). This article + another recent one from the Atlantic titled 'There's More to Life Than Being Happy' made it clearly evident to me that I needed to finally dust off my yellowed, Goodwill copy of Man's Search for Meaning, plug in my earbuds and experience this book that the Universe clearly wanted me to read this week. So, imagine a renowned Jewish therapist writes in 1946 (in 9 days) about his experiences at and survival in Auschwitz, and then adds his own psychotherapeutic method (Logotherapy), finding happiness by finding a meaning, a responsibility, a love, and ultimately self-determining. Perhaps it is a consequence of Frankl's work surrounding me in other writings, in popular psychotherapy, in various internet Memes and articles OR perhaps it is just a consequence of my own resilience to my own suffering that this book wasn't much of a revelation. I was like ... yup, makes a lot of sense. Good job. I think it is a great book for what it is. I just don't always get super-excited by self-help psychology books. This one is on the better end of the bell curve for this type, but I guess my problem is with the type. Other than that (minus 1-star for my type bias) it was a great book.

  29. 5 out of 5

    Greta

    Dr. Frankl didn't invent it, "The Meaning of Life". But he invented Logotherapy, that is based on it. The book consists of two parts. The first is a short autobiography of his time in the concentration camps, as he experienced it as a logotherapist. The second part of the book is an introduction to his therapeutic doctrine of Logotherapy. He added this chapter to his book because there was a great demand for it by readers. The second chapter therefore will only appeal to readers who want to know Dr. Frankl didn't invent it, "The Meaning of Life". But he invented Logotherapy, that is based on it. The book consists of two parts. The first is a short autobiography of his time in the concentration camps, as he experienced it as a logotherapist. The second part of the book is an introduction to his therapeutic doctrine of Logotherapy. He added this chapter to his book because there was a great demand for it by readers. The second chapter therefore will only appeal to readers who want to know more about his therapy, and about mental health in general, or how he came to write his experiences in the camp the way he did. “ Logos is a Greek word which denotes “meaning.” Logotherapy, or, as it has been called by some authors, “The Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy,” focuses on the meaning of human existence as well as on man’s search for such a meaning. According to logotherapy, this striving to find a meaning in one’s life is the primary motivational force in man. ” According to his doctrine, the feeling of meaninglessness must be treated in assisting the patient to find meaning in his life : “By declaring that man is responsible and must actualize the potential meaning of his life, I wish to stress that the true meaning of life is to be discovered in the world rather than within man or his own psyche, as though it were a closed system. I have termed this constitutive characteristic “the self-transcendence of human existence.” It denotes the fact that being human always points, and is directed, to something, or someone, other than oneself—be it a meaning to fulfill or another human being to encounter. The more one forgets himself—by giving himself to a cause to serve or another person to love—the more human he is and the more he actualizes himself.” “According to logotherapy, we can discover this meaning in life in three different ways: (1) by creating a work or doing a deed; (2) by experiencing something or encountering someone; and (3) by the attitude we take toward unavoidable suffering.” It is his doctrine about the meaning of life that can be found in the attitude toward suffering, that Dr. Frankl applies to his experiences in the camp. Therefore, the first section of the book, is more a study of his experiences, based on this premises, rather than a autobiography. He observed the way that both he and others in Auschwitz coped (or didn’t) with the experience. To me, it's the ultimate testing of his doctrine, based on the universal search for a meaning in one's life. Can there really be found some good in an experience so abysmally bad ? Can there really be given a higher meaning to suffering, in order to survive the suffering ? This is what this book is all about. Dr. Frankl tries to explain how everyday life in a concentration camp was reflected in the mind of the average prisoner ; his book (first chapter) aims to be a psychology of a concentration camp. He describes three phases of the inmate’s mental reactions to camp life : the period following his admission ; the period when he is well entrenched in camp routine ; and the period following his release and liberation. The symptom that characterizes the first phase is shock and the 'delusion of reprieve'. The second phase is the phase of relative apathy, in which the inmate achieves a kind of emotional death. Apathy, the main symptom of the second phase, was a necessary mechanism of self-defense. It is in this part of the book, that Dr. Frankl implements his theories. He is convinced that "the way in which a man accepts his fate and all the suffering it entails, the way in which he takes up his cross, gives him ample opportunity—even under the most difficult circumstances—to add a deeper meaning to his life. It may remain brave, dignified and unselfish. “Any attempt at fighting the camp’s psychopathological influence on the prisoner by psychotherapeutic or psychohygienic methods had to aim at giving him inner strength by pointing out to him a future goal to which he could look forward. Instinctively some of the prisoners attempted to find one on their own. It is a peculiarity of man that he can only live by looking to the future—sub specie aeternitatis. And this is his salvation in the most difficult moments of his existence, although he sometimes has to force his mind to the task.” The last phase is the psychology of the prisoner who has been released. For most, it was a “disillusionment”, "“there could be no earthly happiness which could compensate for all we had suffered.” This is definitely a book that make you think, about meaning in life in general, and about the meaning of suffering in particular. It helps to understand the experiences and the sufferings of the inmates, and above all their behaviors in response to these experiences, which for someone who has not been there, may seem inconceivable. To me, it was very useful to better understand the biographies of Holocaust survivors that I have read so far. Imre Kertèsz's nostalgic memories of camp's life after his release ; the importance of religion in the camp, as described by Eli Wiesel ; the strong will to survive by Olga Lengyel, in order to testify about what she and others endured ... And so much more. One thing that I missed in Dr. Frankl's psychology of the prisoner who has been released, was the feeling of guilt that he and not others had survived. Apparently, many survivors struggled with this guilt. I would have liked it to be handled in the book. I also think that the small part of prisoners who were able to find a higher meaning in their suffering, had been given some opportunity, by mere luck, to find a meaning. Dr. Frankl himself believed that his wife was still alive ; he was given the opportunity to work as a doctor in the camp, which he accepted, because : “ I knew that in a working party I would die in a short time. But if I had to die there might at least be some sense in my death. I thought that it would doubtless be more to the purpose to try and help my comrades as a doctor than to vegetate or finally lose my life as the unproductive laborer that I was then.” To me, the question arises, what he would have written if he hadn't had these circumstances which enabled him to see a meaning, a purpose in the suffering. For a great deal of the prisoners, who had been taken everything - their house and everything in it ; their family, friends and neighborhood - and who had to do unproductive labor in extremely harsh conditions every day, and who didn't met kindness but only cruelty, what was left to them to live for ? What meaning was there to be found in their world ? No therapy in the world could help these poor poor creatures, who were completely dehumanized. In reading this book you will ask yourself these kind of questions, and many others, which in itself is a great achievement by Dr. Frankl. For Dr. Frankl, writing his book probably also was a form of self-therapy to cope with his experiences, in finding a meaning in it. 7/10

  30. 5 out of 5

    Sanjay Gautam

    This is some great stuff. It truly deserves its legendary status .

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